What Are The Types of OCD?

June 11, 2023 by andrew

There are numerous kinds of OCD Each kind is based upon the fixations and obsessions a person may experience.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health problem that entails uncontrollable and also repeating thoughts (fixations) and also behaviors that an individual feels need to repeat (compulsions). An individual with OCD might experience obsessions, compulsions, or both.

The signs of OCD normally hinder all facets of a person’s life, such as job, relationships, or school.

This short article discusses some of the major subtypes of OCD

Contamination OCD.

A concern of bacteria or contamination is a typical fascination people with OCD experience.

Approximately 46% of individuals with OCD experience anxiety of contamination. This can cause them to feel distressed by touching things that are generally safe, such as doorknobs.

People with contamination OCD may also experience cleaning up obsessions. These compulsions can include excessive cleansing of the locations around them and handwashing. People experiencing this kind of compulsion can invest a lot time cleaning or cleaning their hands that it brings about physical issues like skin irritability as well as blood loss.

Some individuals feel the need to tidy a lot it keeps them from leaving their house.

It is believed that a combination of fear, disgust, as well as anxiety may play a role in contamination OCD. People with this kind of OCD might find it challenging to disengage with the stimulations that trigger them be afraid as well as disgust.

Symmetry OCD.

Proportion OCD might also be described as “perfect” or perfectionism OCD.

Research study shows that approximately about 50% of adults with OCD experience symmetry-related obsessions.

This type of OCD is based on the requirement for balance and also orderliness. Proportion obsessions are an additional usual fixation that people with OCD experience. An instance of this might be the demand for all the tags of items in a cabinet to be encountering the very same instructions.

A few of the obsessions individuals with balance OCD may experience consist of:

  • organizing as well as ordering
  • night up or straightening things
  • tapping or touching

Checking OCD

Checking may be the most typical compulsion in those with OCD.

The specific root cause of compulsive monitoring is not known. Some believe it might be attached to the worry of harming oneself or others, insecurity, or to aid lessen sensations that things are not just.

Checking obsessions might consist of frequently checking the door locks, the cooktop, or the light buttons. Various other sorts of monitoring might include:

  • checking the information constantly to be sure a loved one has actually not remained in a crash
  • counting text messages from one’s partner to confirm their love
  • seeking reassurance from others regularly
  • needing too much information prior to making a decision

Rumination and intrusive thoughts

Rumination includes consistently home on or thinking of adverse sensations, distress, and also their repercussions or causes. Most of the obsessions that are associated with OCD entail rumination.

Intrusive ideas are just one of the qualities of OCD. These ideas might consist of:

  • thoughts of damaging oneself or others
  • undesirable sex-related pictures or ideas
  • unwanted ideas including religious beliefs
  • uncertainties over having actually completed something properly
  • fears of doing or claiming something unacceptable in public

Lots of people with invasive thoughts likewise experience “mental monitoring.” This can consist of staying clear of circumstances and also places or assuming “reducing the effects of ideas” to counteract the invasive ones.


Hoarding can be a problem on its own. Nonetheless, it is frequently seen in mix with various other mental health conditions like OCD.

People with hoarding disorder locate it continually hard to part with or eliminate properties. This is usually due, at the very least partly, to their viewed demand to conserve the products. They are generally satisfied with sensations of distress that create them to save it if they do try to obtain rid of a product.

The clutter that arises from hoarding can lead to a failure to use living rooms. It can additionally result in issues in crucial areas of working, such as connections, social tasks, as well as job. This can include:

  • disputes as well as stress in relationships
  • loneliness and also seclusion
  • objection to allow others to get in the residence
  • failure to carry out daily jobs, such as showering or cooking

Major hoarding can additionally trigger:

  • fire dangers
  • stumbling hazards
  • health code violations

Other OCD subtypes

There are many subtypes of OCD Many of them drop under one of the major kinds.

Pure-O OCD.

Pure-O OCD describes simply obsessional. While it might not be a main subtype of OCD, people use this term to describe OCD where a person experiences invasive thoughts and obsessions without visible signs of obsessions.

This does not mean that a person does not experience compulsions. These are typically mental compulsions, such as:

  • checking one’s feelings
  • inspecting one’s physical feelings
  • examining how one really feels concerning an idea
  • duplicating expressions or numbers in one’s head
  • checking if the thought is still there

Genuine occasions OCD

An additional nonofficial subtype is genuine events or real-life OCD With this type, an individual might obsess about an occasion that really happened to them or that they experienced. This is opposed to the obsessive thoughts that are generally related to OCD regarding the effects of what could happen.

Therapy for OCD.

Therapy for OCD commonly consists of medicine, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.

Drugs normally made use of to treat OCD consist of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and discerning serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Occasionally if these medications are inadequate, a healthcare or mental health specialist may recommend antipsychotic medication to aid handle signs and symptoms.

Psychiatric therapies like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) have actually additionally been shown to be reliable in dealing with OCD. A certain kind of CBT called direct exposure and also action avoidance (EX/RP) or exposure therapy is typically efficient to help reduce obsession actions. With this therapy, a person hangs out in situations that generally set off obsessions but are prevented from performing the obsession.


There are numerous kinds of OCD. Each type is based on the obsessions and also obsessions a person may experience.

These consist of checking, proportion, as well as contamination. Others may consist of intrusive ideas and also hoarding.

Therapy for OCD generally entails medicine, psychotherapy, or both.

If an individual believes they might be experiencing indications of OCD, it’s crucial that they speak to a health care or mental health expert.

Strick reminder from Brain Health USA to seek a doctor’s advice in addition to using this app and before making any medical decisions.

Read our previous blog post here: https://brainhealthusa.com/test-yourself-for-bipolar-disorder/.



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